13:00 - 14:30
Cities in emerging economies face multiple challenges to address economic development needs, local environmental loss, poor-infrastructure and climate resilience, amongst increasing contributions to global GHGs. This is further accentuated by low performance of these cities on parameters of social development, equity, functional autonomy and financial capacity. In the last decade or so, co-benefits approach has proved to be a key mechanism that provides both vertical cross-linkages between institutions (global, national and local objectives) on the one end and horizontal interactions between mitigation and adaptation related policy sectors on the other. Paris Agreement, Urban SDGs, the New Urban Agenda, Sendai Framework emphasize greater collaboration between diverse communities, multi-level institutions and development sectors to co-generate positive impacts. It thus becomes crucial to assess the practical experience of co-benefits- lessons learned, scientific tools, knowledge gaps in the emerging economies with the overarching aim to discern policy imperatives that moderate current unsustainable pathways of urbanization. The session presents the application of co-benefits as an approach in India, China, Brazil, Turkey, South Africa & Indonesia, which together comprise about half of global urban population, underpinning how to promote climate action based on scientific tools, different experiences and gaps identified so far.