Challenges and Opportunities for Locking-in Positive Climate Responses in Cities in Salon 5
13:30 - 15:00
Carbon lock-in refers to the inertia of carbon emissions due to mutually reinforcing physical, economic, and social constraints from existing technologies, institutions, and behavioral norms. Together, these conditions and path dependencies act to constrain the rate and magnitude of carbon emissions reductions in the coming decades. Nowhere is carbon lock-in more evident than in urban areas, where buildings, transportation infrastructure, and the layout of the street network and the size of the city blocks, result in significant inertia and lock in energy demand for long time. The infrastructure and technology used in cities exhibit long lifespans and result in a long series of behavioral lock-in. The long-lasting legacy of urban form is evident in cities around the world, with examples of spatial patterns dating back hundreds to thousands of years.
This panel will discuss the key types of carbon lock-in and the opportunities and strategies for breaking out of carbon lock-in in cities. Panelists include scholars and practitioners with special focus on opportunities and challenges in China and India.